Villa del Gombo is an important example of the post-fascist Italian rationalist architecture.
It's located in the Migliarino, San Rossore and Massaciuccoli Park on the Tyrrhenian coast, within walking distance of Pisa.
At the end of the 50s the estate of San Rossore was annexed to the property of the Head of State. The Italian president in office at that time Giovanni Gronchi decreed the construction of a presidential villa, symbol of rebirth for the territory after the devastation of the WWII, to be built where there was an old hunting lodge in ruins.
For the occasion the chosen area, in the Gombo estate, went through an extensive environmental and landscape remediation process.
The only way to access to the property is the 5 km boulevard called Viale del Gombo, mainly by foot; it extends from the main entrance of the Park, where the old farmstead is located, entering the pine forests like a tunnel through the vegetation.
The new building was designed by the roman architects Amedeo Luccichenti and Vincenzo Monaco.
The villa, which extends over approximately 640 m², is raised from the ground by four steel supports: the compact volume is lightened by large glass surfaces that delimit, in the center of the plant, a square-shaped courtyard.
The villa's plant building fits very well into the surrounding nature where it stands, as it anticipates some principles of the bio-architecture, such as the regulation of the internal temperature, which changes based on the sun exposure.
The private rooms are located in the spaces facing north and east, while the reception rooms are located to the south and west, reachable by a wide ramp.
The interiors are characterized by a parquet floor resuming the use of wood in the external facades of the building and white walls currently bare of ornaments.
Every room keeps an almost total absence of lavish decorations and bulky furniture maintaining a formal and institutional tone.